Position of the adjective in Italian

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By aaron

Adjectives can come before or after the noun they modify depending on these rules:

1. Adjectives that specify quantity come before the noun.
Ex. La casa ha sette stanze.
Ex. Quanti biglietti desiderate?
Ex. Ci sono molti bambini nella classe.

2. All forms of the words questo and quello go before the noun, and they also come before any other adjectives for that noun.
Ex. Quest'arrosto e questa minestra sono freddi.
Ex. Quello sport è molto difficile.

3. Some common adjectives usually come before the noun, but can also come after the noun. When they come after the noun, they have a more literal meaning.
Io compro una nuova casa.
I'm buying a new/different house.

Io compro una casa nuova.
I'm buying a brand-new house.

Some other adjectives that fit this pattern: bello/a, altro/a, ultimo/a, vecchio/a, giovane.

4. Adjectives that indicate color, shape, nationality, or religion usually go after the noun.
Ex. Massimo è un ragazzo intelligente.

5. If the adjective is modified by an adverb, it always comes after the noun.
Ex. Questa classe è molto difficile.

6. When 2 adjectives modify the same noun, you can stick with these rules, or it is also acceptable to put both of them after the noun.
Vediamo una bella ragazza bionda.
Vediamo una ragazza bella e bionda.


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