Reflexive verbs in Italian

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By aaron

Many verbs that are reflexive in English are also reflexive in Italian, but both language also have some that are not reflexive in the other.

Reflexive verbs in Italian have infinitives ending in -arsi, -ersi, and -irsi. The ending -si means "oneself", indicating that they are reflexive.

Some examples:
Verb: chiamare => to call
Reflexive: chiamarsi => to be called

Verb: domandare => to ask
Reflexive: domandarsi => to wonder

Verb: lavare => to wash
Reflexive: lavarsi => to wash oneself

Verb: sentire => to hear, feel
Reflexive: sentirsi => to feel (within oneself)

Verb: vestire => to dress (someone)
Reflexive: vestirsi => to dress oneself, to get dressed

They are conjugated like any other verb ending in -are, -ere, and -ire.

When conjugating, they must be used with one of these reflexive pronouns:
mi => myself
ti => yourself
si => himself, herself, itself, yourself (formal singular)
ci => ourselves
vi => yourselves (informal plural)
si => themselves, yourselves (formal plural)

mi metto => I put on, wear
ti metti => You put on yourself
si mette => He put on himself
ci mettiamo => We plural put on ourselves
vi mettete => You plural put on yourselves
si mettono => They put on themselves


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