A gerund is a verb that functions as a noun. All gerunds end in -ing, but a verb that ends in -ing is not always a gerund.
Examples from the link below:
Since Francisco was five years old, swimming has been his passion.
"Swimming" is normally a verb, but in this sentence, "has been" is a verb and swimming is the subject, so swimming functions as a noun. Swimming is a gerund.
Francisco's first love is swimming.
"Swimming" acts as a noun because it is the thing being loved by Francisco, so swimming is a gerund again.
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