Italian words egli, ella, esso, essi, essa, and esse

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By aaron

In addition to the usual subject pronouns in Italian like io, tu, lui, etc., there are some other lesser known ones to be aware of. These are not used a lot anymore, but they are good to be aware of because they are still used in some regions of Italy and they can also be found in old works of literature.

When writing, egli (he) and ella (she) are used instead of lui and lei. Ella in particular is considered to be very literary and formal and is otherwise not used much anymore.

Esso and essi are masculine forms of "it" or "they", and essa and esse are the feminine forms. Esso/essi and essa/esse are generally used when referring to animals or inanimate objects, but sometimes they are also used to replace lui, lei, and loro.


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