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Learn Italian: Verb Conjugation

Once you have learned some basic italian words, the next step is to learn how to put them together into sentences. But to do that, you need to learn about verb conjugation. Verb conjugation is when a verb is changed depending on how it is being used. It is best shown with an example. First, let's use some words like "I", "You", and so on. I Io You (single person) Tu We Noi You (plural) Voi Now, let's use those to build some simple phrases. I am... Io sono... You are... Tu sei... We are... Noi siamo... You are... (plural) Voi siete... So let's use some complete sentences to see each of these in action. We'll complete each sentence with the word "stanco", which means "tired". I am tired Io sono stanco You are tired Tu sei stanco We are tired Noi siamo stanchi You are tired (plural) Voi siete stanchi Notice how when we said "I am tired", we said "Io sono", but for "you" we said "Tu sei", and so on. That difference between sono, sei, siamo, and siete is called conjugation. You do this in english too even if have never realized it. In english, you say "I *am* tired", or "You *are* tired". You wouldn't say "I are tired". The same thing is done in italian, so we say Io sono, Tu sei, voi siete, and so on. The difference is that in italian, the Io, Tu, Noi, or Voi at the beginning isn't required, because you can figure out which one it is based on what form of the verb is being used. So, for example, instead of saying "Io sono stanco", you could just say "Sono stanco". Now let's review all of this. I'll ask a question and pause for a moment so you can think about an answer. What are two different ways you could say "I am tired"? You could say, "Io sono stanco", or you could say "Sono stanco" How would you say, "We are tired"? You would say, "Noi siamo stanchi", or you could just say, "Siamo stanchi" So that's it. Each verb is conjugated differently, and it's really just a matter of repetition and memorization. So In future lectures I can cover specific verbs and how to conjugate them to build on what you've learned here. language italian language conjugation
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